The Day of the Dead: Six spooky ways to celebrate
Día de los Muertos, or Day of the Dead, is one of the most famous traditions in Latin America, and specifically Mexico. Learn more about this significant holiday, plus, six fun ways to celebrate with your students!
What is The Day of the Dead?
The Día de los Muertos is a celebration of life that has been around for almost 3,000 years. Like many modern festivals, it is the result of a combination of different cultures—in this case, Mesoamerican traditions and Catholic celebrations. Aztecs used to carry out rituals to help deceased members of their family in their journey through the “underworld,” while Catholics commemorated All Saints and All Souls Days. Due to the interactions between these two communities and the fusion of their cultures, Day of the Dead has flourished into a unique holiday that is celebrated across Latin America and the United States.
How is it celebrated?
Festivities and gatherings take place across two days: November 1st and 2nd which correspond to Day of the Children and Day of the Dead. At midnight on October 31st, children are allowed out of heaven/underworld to visit their families for 24 hours. Then, on November 2nd adults come back from the Land of the Dead to celebrate with their loved ones.
The Day of the Dead includes parades where the community dresses up like skeletons or Catrinas, and wears colourful masks and clothes. In addition to parades, families create ofrendas (alters) at home. Another way to celebrate is by visiting the cemetery and decorating gravesites with flowers, candles and food. The main purpose of ofrendas and visiting the cemeteries is to remember loved ones and celebrate their lives.
Activities to celebrate The Day of the Dead
1. Papel Picado
Papel picado are colourful, traditional decorations that are hung during Mexican celebrations. For Day of the Dead, papel picado are usually vibrant pink, orange and purple.
Watch this video to find out how to make these decorations and create your own papel picado to decorate your classroom.
2. Catrina Drawing / Makeup
Catrinas are closely linked to The Day of the Dead and Mexican culture. Catrinas are skeleton ladies dressed in 20th century dresses and hats. Over time the image of a Catrina started to represent the goddess of the underworld, and became part of the celebration of The Day of the Dead.
Students can design their own Catrina face and showcase their work in a gallery. If you’re feeling creative, follow the instructions in this makeup tutorial video. Create your own designs and students can then take part in a parade in the classroom or school.
3. Learn Day of the Dead through films
Films are a great way to explore The Day of the Dead. For students between the ages of 5 and 10, Supermonstruos, Día de Muertos, and Coco are good starting points. For upper primary and high school, The Book of Life might be more interesting. All these films demonstrate that the Day of the Dead is about remembering and honouring loved ones while they are travelling through the afterlife.
You can also set up pre-viewing tasks and questions to encourage intercultural understanding, such as:
- What do you think Day of the Dead is about?
- Do you celebrate The Day of the Dead in your community?
- How do you honour/remember your ancestors?
Encourage your students to find common ground between holidays, beliefs and traditions around life, death, and family.
Ofrendas are homemade altars, decorated with flowers and images of the deceased with their favourite foods and objects. They allow families to remember their loved ones and honour them.
Create your own ofrenda with your students. Encourage them to think about those who are not with them anymore. Students can decorate their ofrenda and add it to a small ofrenda space in your classroom, which would include photos, objects or flowers.
5. ¡Mi Alebrije!
Alebrijes are papier-mâché colourful statues in the shape of animals. These creatures are believed to be guardians or companions in the afterlife. Encourage your students to create their own Alebrijes.
They can either draw or create them with playdough or clay. Watch instructions on “How to Make An Alebrije With Clay.”
6. Day of the Dead Foods
The Day of the Dead is very famous for its food. Gather with your students and the community to make sweets, bread and spicy dark chocolate. Try recipes for sweet skulls, pan de muertos (bread of the dead), and spicy dark chocolate recipes. Share your creations and foods from your community/country and celebrate in the best way – eating!
Global Learning Activity Cards: Hispanic Culture
Explore a range of activities linked to Hispanic culture with our ever-growing collection of fun, cross-curricular activities for all ages. From delicious recipes, to art-and-crafts, to making maracas for music, there are activities for everyone! Explore them here!
Plus, read “Tips for Celebrating a Fun and Festive Dia de los Muertos at Home” for even more ideas!
¡Feliz día de los muertos! Happy Day of the Dead!
Note: Dealing with death has different meanings, taboos and beliefs in different cultures. Ensure that you are fully aware of your students’ and their family’s beliefs before you broach the subject of death.
Paula is the Program Coordinator and Curriculum designer of the Spanish Program for Meg. She has been teaching English and Spanish to students from Colombia and Australia for six years. She is passionate about languages, culture, and communication in context, which led her to complete a Master program in Applied Linguistics. Her interests include; intercultural communication, cultural linguistics and the greater role of technology in education. She can be found on LinkedIn.
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